The paper illustrates the degree to which Oman’s developmental trajectory deviated from the orthodox ‘theories of change’ held by most contemporary development organisations. It highlights the importance of factors that are often held to be peripheral to processes of domestic change.
Examples of exceptional positive change can help development researchers and practitioners understand how developmental progress happens. This paper presents a new three-stage method for identifying and examining such 'positive outlier' cases that does not rely solely on their reputations. It can therefore uncover ‘hidden’ cases of developmental progress as well as those already recognised.
This case study examines how bribery has been reduced in Uganda's health sector as a likely consequence of the work of the Health Monitoring Unit, especially its high-profile raids. However, unintended consequences may undermine sustainable success.
‘Islands of integrity?’ Reductions in bribery in Uganda and South Africa and lessons for anti-corruption policy and practice
This paper sets out lessons from a mixed-methods study that identified and explored ‘positive outlier’ cases of bribery reduction in challenging governance environments. It discusses two cases: Uganda’s health sector (2010-2015); and police-related bribery in South Africa’s Limpopo province (2011-2015). The findings suggest the importance of disrupting corruption patterns and of unintended consequences for anti-corruption policy and practice.