News & Events
Why, after liberation in 1980, did the ruling political elite in Zimbabwe resort more to predation than development and bring about the terrible economic and political decline in that country? And why, even in the face of the current political and economic crises, have rival elites failed to forge a common developmental coalition? In this research paper, commissioned for the DLP, Michael Bratton and Eldred Masunungure offer a fine-grained political analysis of this story.
Yemen is one of the countries in the Middle East currently experiencing profound turbulence. But what opaque internal politics has kept the regime entrenched for the last three decades? Why have its leaders and elites - like those of many other countries - been so ineffective in addressing serious threats to the viability of the state and to the wellbeing of its citizens? This original and path-breaking research paper by Sarah Phillips offers a detailed political analysis of the inner workings of the Yemen state.
Under what conditions does a reduction in practices of corruption occur? Can it be attributed to improved institutional arrangements and enforcement procedures? Does it turn as much, or more, on the role of key players and coalitions? Or is it both? And what can the international community do to support these processes? In collaboration with Transparency International (TI), DLP has commenced a program of work to try to answer these questions. This new paper by Caryn Peiffer, the first in a series of products from this joint project, explains how a long list of cases has been identified using statistical analysis of the data contained in TI's very rich data source: The Global Corruption Barometer.
On 15 April 2014, DLP will host a panel on 'The Primacy of Politics in Development' at the Political Studies Association conference in Manchester, UK.
Heather Marquette and Caryn Peiffer are in Berlin this week to give a presentation at the second ANTICORRP Consortium meeting. They are presenting on research on integrity management in Bolivia and Rwanda.
DLP's Directors, Heather Marquette and David Hudson, will present findings today on 'Communication in Anti-Corruption Work' at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
DLP's Director Heather Marquette has commented in 'The Guardian' on the UK aid watchdog's criticism of DFID's impact in tackling petty corruption. She calls the ICAI report 'a wasted opportunity to rethink how we deliver aid with integrity'. Today in 'The Conversation' she suggests ways forward.
The newly-published 'Routledge Handbook of Political Corruption' includes a contribution from DLP Director Heather Marquette in its section on new directions emerging in corruption research.
A new DLP research paper asks what makes the middle classes oppose or support initiatives intended to lift people out of poverty, and how the development community can secure their approval of such policies.
This book, co-authored by DLP research fellow Caryn Peiffer, identifies significant differences in the payment of bribes between countries on every continent, and between services and between individuals within each country. It offers six principles to reduce the scale of bribery in public services.
What conditions make corruption possible? What are the real costs of corruption and how can it be fought effectively? A new evidence paper that addresses these questions has been written for DFID by a research team led by DLP Senior Research Fellow Alina Rocha Menocal and Nils Taxell of the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre.
DLP team members David Hudson and Alina Rocha Menocal joined a wide range of speakers at this event in London on 29 June.
A new article in the journal Governance explores citizens' perceptions of corruption and their willingness to engage in anticorruption activism. It is co-authored by DLP Research Fellow Caryn Peiffer.
DLP Director Heather Marquette and Research Fellow Caryn Peiffer have contributed a chapter to 'Ethics in Public Policy and Management'. They discuss 'Applying Principal-Agent and Collective Action Theories to the Problem of Corruption in Systemically Corrupt Countries'.
A new article by Alina Rocha Menocal discusses how the combination of an internationally-backed initiative against organised crime and a mass protest movement has played a crucial role in sowing the seeds for 'transformation against the odds' in Guatemala.
DLP Director Heather Marquette is convening a panel on 'Thinking and working politically about corruption and anti-corruption' at this year's Development Studies Association conference in September. The call for papers is open until 25 April.
DLP Research Fellow Dr Caryn Peiffer is co-author with Prof Richard Rose of a new open access article on bribery. It shows that integrating measures of political institutions and individual characteristics can provide a policy relevant understanding of who does and does not pay bribes for public services.
DLP research on how to effectively fight corruption has won funding from the British Academy's Sustainable Development Programme, part of the UK government's Global Challenges Research Fund.
Under what conditions does a reduction in practices of corruption occur? Can it be attributed to improved institutional arrangements and enforcement procedures? Does it turn as much, or more, on the role of key players and coalitions? Or is it both?
This paper uses survey data from Transparency International's 2013 Global Corruption Barometer to examine what determines people's willingness to act against corruption in 71 countries.
A growing number of authors have argued that anti-corruption interventions have not worked because they have not taken into account that corruption is a collective action problem. This paper argues that three theoretical perspectives, not just collective action theory, can increase our understanding of corruption and how to address it.
Executive Summary 31 - Who will be the 'Principled Principals'? The determinants of active opposition to corruption
This paper uses survey data from Transparency International’s 2013 Global Corruption Barometer to examine what determines people’s willingness to act against corruption in 71 countries.
This paper discusses three theoretical perspectives that can increase our understanding of corruption and how to address it.
This four-page note outlines methodological considerations for researchers examining people's vulnerability to bribery. It discusses the benefits and limitations of using sample survey data to gauge vulnerability to grass-roots corruption, and explains the importance of a two-step approach that considers whether people have had contact with the state as well as whether they have paid a bribe.
Executive Summary 33 - What Do Indian Middle Class Attitudes to Poverty Tell Us About the Politics of Poverty Reduction?
This paper finds that self-interest is not the only driver of middle class views of assistance for the poor in India: ideas and values are important. It suggests a political approach to policy design involving less focus on institutions and more focus on public opinion
The limitations of education for addressing corruption: lessons from attitudes towards reporting in Papua New Guinea
This discussion paper, published in collaboration with the Australian National University's Development Policy Centre, finds that the positive effects of education on willingness to report corruption are significantly diminished when citizens lack trust that authorities will address corruption.
This open access article in The Journal of Development Studies examines why the poor in Africa are more likely than the better off to pay a bribe for state provided services. Are the poor seen as 'easy targets' by bribe-seeking bureaucrats, or is it that they use state services more than those who can afford private services?
Most anticorruption programs now include awareness raising about corruption and about efforts to tackle it, but there is little evidence available to tell us how effective these messages are. This brief summarises what we know from research so far, and discusses the potential impact of anticorruption messages in Papua New Guinea.
This paper reports on a survey experiment across 1,000 households in Jakarta that tested how four different messages affected respondents’ perceptions of corruption and of efforts to tackle it by government and ordinary citizens. Surprisingly, ‘positive’ messages about anticorruption action and successes tended to have the same unwelcome effects as 'negative' messages about corruption's prevalence. The paper discusses these findings and what they could mean for anticorruption efforts.
Getting the message: Examining the intended - and unintended - impacts of corruption awareness-raising
This study analyses data from a survey-experiment in Jakarta to test the assumption that awareness-raising messaging about corruption shapes beliefs about the issue and encourages civic activism against it.
Examples of exceptional positive change can help development researchers and practitioners understand how developmental progress happens. This paper presents a new three-stage method for identifying and examining such 'positive outlier' cases that does not rely solely on their reputations. It can therefore uncover ‘hidden’ cases of developmental progress as well as those already recognised.
This case study examines how bribery has been reduced in Uganda's health sector as a likely consequence of the work of the Health Monitoring Unit, especially its high-profile raids. However, unintended consequences may undermine sustainable success.
This case study examines why bribery in the police service in South Africa's Limpopo province between 2011 and 2015 reduced more than in other provinces during the same period. It concludes that it was a ‘benign side effect’ of a separate anticorruption intervention. However, the case highlights that a disruptive event can counteract sector-specific factors that enable entrenched patterns of corruption, and that this can happen more quickly than expected.
‘Islands of integrity?’ Reductions in bribery in Uganda and South Africa and lessons for anti-corruption policy and practice
This paper sets out lessons from a mixed-methods study that identified and explored ‘positive outlier’ cases of bribery reduction in challenging governance environments. It discusses two cases: Uganda’s health sector (2010-2015); and police-related bribery in South Africa’s Limpopo province (2011-2015). The findings suggest the importance of disrupting corruption patterns and of unintended consequences for anti-corruption policy and practice.