The ANC, business and development in South Africa

While South Africa’s transition from apartheid to democracy is the go-to case study of an elite political settlement, the economic pact that accompanied it has been overlooked. Before the transition, the ANC had insisted that only nationalisation could undo the socio-economic legacies of apartheid. But this stance was pragmatically discarded in favour of pro-business and liberal market policies to stabilise the economy and attract much needed foreign investment. 

This study finds that not only did this result in a stable political transition, but also in political and economic transformation.  Once the democratic pact was in place, the economic pact involved the formation of many formal and informal coalitions that sought to undo the economic legacies of apartheid. 


Researcher: Jo Ansie van Wyk (University of South Africa)

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About DLP

The Developmental Leadership Program (DLP) is an international research initiative that explores how leadership, power and political processes drive or block successful development.

DLP focuses on the crucial role of home-grown leaderships and coalitions in forging legitimate political settlements and institutions that promote developmental outcomes, such as sustainable growth, political stability and inclusive social development.

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The annual lecture in memory of DLP's founding Director of Research, Adrian Leftwich, will be given this year by Nic van de Walle, Professor of International Studies at Cornell University, on Wednesday, 16 November in Manchester.

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