A predatory coalition in Zimbabwe
Coalitions can become powerful anti-development forces. This study of Zimbabwe’s political economy between 1980 and 2010 shows how a civil-military coalition consolidated state power, violently suppressed political opposition, engaged in predatory corruption, and challenged the economic interests of commercial farming and business elites.
It is a cautionary tale about the limits of externally driven, hastily negotiated and reluctantly accepted political settlements. Zimbabwe began its independent nationhood in 1980 with a power-sharing compromise, and the Global Political Agreement of 2008 was little better. The outcome was a political settlement that never took root, crippling the country’s progress toward democracy and development.
Researchers: Michael Bratton and Eldred Masunungure