Islands of Integrity: Identifying positive outliers

Under what conditions does a reduction in practices of corruption occur? Can it be attributed to improved institutional arrangements and enforcement procedures? Does it turn as much, or more, on the role of key players and coalitions? Or is it both? And what can the international community do to support these processes?
 
These questions are particularly important where a significant (or greater than expected) reduction in corruption is noted in one organization or sector in a country - the 'island of integrity' in the title of this paper - but where there is no comparable reduction more widely in the country or other sectors.
 
In collaboration with Transparency International, DLP has commenced a program of work to try to answer these questions. This new paper by Caryn Peiffer is the first in a series of products from this joint project, and it explains how a long list of cases has been identified, using statistical analysis of the data contained in Transparency International's very rich data source: The Global Corruption Barometer.
 
A second paper setting out the analysis in more technical detail will be available on the DLP website by June. In the coming months we will select a smaller set of cases from the long list outlined in this paper, and will then drill down into the detailed political processes of each case in order to explain how these particular 'islands' surfaced.
 
This work will make a valuable contribution to Transparency International's focus on corruption reduction processes and to the DLP's wider interest in the role of leaderships and coalitions in development. It will also help us to gain a better understanding of the room for manoeuvre that actors, or agents, have to work politically for positive developmental change in diverse structural, institutional and political circumstances and, furthermore, what the international community can do to support this.
 
Download the paper:
 
Caryn Peiffer (2012) "From Islands of Integrity to Understanding the Politics of Corruption Reduction: Phase One - statistical identification of positive outliers" DLP Research Paper 21.

Related items

Who pays bribes for public services?

Monday 25th April 2016

DLP Research Fellow Dr Caryn Peiffer is co-author with Prof Richard Rose of a new open access article on bribery. It shows that integrating measures of political institutions and individual characteristics can provide a policy relevant understanding of who does and does not pay bribes for public services.

Read more

Thinking and working politically on corruption DSA conference panel

Monday 4th April 2016

DLP Director Heather Marquette is convening a panel on 'Thinking and working politically about corruption and anti-corruption' at this year's Development Studies Association conference in September. The call for papers is open until 25 April.

Read more

Guatemala: Transformation against the odds

Tuesday 26th January 2016

A new article by Alina Rocha Menocal discusses how the combination of an internationally-backed initiative against organised crime and a mass protest movement has played a crucial role in sowing the seeds for 'transformation against the odds' in Guatemala.

Read more

Attitudes towards aid and corruption

Wednesday 7th October 2015

DLP Director Heather Marquette and Deputy Director David Hudson present research on attitudes towards aid and corruption to the OECD's Anti-Corruption Task Team in Paris this week.

Read more

New article on willingness to engage in anticorruption activism

Tuesday 6th October 2015

A new article in the journal Governance explores citizens' perceptions of corruption and their willingness to engage in anticorruption activism. It is co-authored by DLP Research Fellow Caryn Peiffer.

Read more

New book chapter on approaches to tackling corruption

Monday 21st September 2015

DLP Director Heather Marquette and Research Fellow Caryn Peiffer have contributed a chapter to 'Ethics in Public Policy and Management'. They discuss 'Applying Principal-Agent and Collective Action Theories to the Problem of Corruption in Systemically Corrupt Countries'.

Read more

DLP director at European Development Days

Friday 18th September 2015

DLP Director Heather Marquette comments on the complexity of corruption at this summer's EU European Development Days.

Read more

Collaborative event discussing 'Corruption and development'

Tuesday 7th July 2015

DLP team members David Hudson and Alina Rocha Menocal joined a wide range of speakers at this event in London on 29 June.

Read more

Sharing findings at EU Dev Days 2015

Thursday 4th June 2015

DLP director Dr Heather Marquette was among the speakers this week at European Development Days 2015. She shared findings at a panel discussing how development cooperation can effectively fight corruption and promote good governance.

Read more

Anti-corruption research roundtable

Tuesday 17th March 2015

Research fellow Caryn Peiffer is among the contributors to a roundtable on corruption prevention research hosted by the Commonwealth Secretariat in London this week.

Read more

New evidence paper on corruption

Thursday 5th March 2015

What conditions make corruption possible? What are the real costs of corruption and how can it be fought effectively? A new evidence paper that addresses these questions has been written for DFID by a research team led by DLP Senior Research Fellow Alina Rocha Menocal and Nils Taxell of the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre.

Read more

New book on Paying Bribes for Public Services

Friday 27th February 2015

This book, co-authored by DLP research fellow Caryn Peiffer, identifies significant differences in the payment of bribes between countries on every continent, and between services and between individuals within each country. It offers six principles to reduce the scale of bribery in public services.

Read more

Middle class attitudes and the politics of poverty reduction in India

Monday 26th January 2015

A new DLP research paper asks what makes the middle classes oppose or support initiatives intended to lift people out of poverty, and how the development community can secure their approval of such policies.

Read more

New book chapter: contribution to the 'Routledge Handbook of Political Corruption'

Tuesday 13th January 2015

The newly-published 'Routledge Handbook of Political Corruption' includes a contribution from DLP Director Heather Marquette in its section on new directions emerging in corruption research.

Read more

Course on corruption from the grassroots

Tuesday 25th November 2014

DLP Research Fellow Dr Caryn Peiffer is lecturing at the ninth Afrobarometer/CSSR summer school at the University of Cape Town, South Africa, which runs from 17 November - 12 December 2014.

Read more

Contributions to debate on aid and anti-corruption work

Monday 10th November 2014

DLP's Director Heather Marquette has commented in 'The Guardian' on the UK aid watchdog's criticism of DFID's impact in tackling petty corruption. She calls the ICAI report 'a wasted opportunity to rethink how we deliver aid with integrity'. Today in 'The Conversation' she suggests ways forward.

Read more

Presentation to OECD DAC Anti-Corruption Task Team

Monday 3rd November 2014

DLP's Directors, Heather Marquette and David Hudson, will present findings today on 'Communication in Anti-Corruption Work' at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Read more

Heather Marquette and Caryn Peiffer present research at ANTICORRP Consortium meeting

Friday 24th October 2014

Heather Marquette and Caryn Peiffer are in Berlin this week to give a presentation at the second ANTICORRP Consortium meeting. They are presenting on research on integrity management in Bolivia and Rwanda.

Read more

Panel on primacy of politics in development at PSA 2014

Tuesday 15th April 2014

On 15 April 2014, DLP will host a panel on 'The Primacy of Politics in Development' at the Political Studies Association conference in Manchester, UK.

Read more

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela 1918-2013

Friday 6th December 2013

Heather Marquette and David Hudson, DLP's directors of research, reflect on the inspirational achievements of Nelson Mandela - who embodied developmental leadership.

Read more

Islands of Integrity: Identifying positive outliers

Thursday 8th March 2012

Under what conditions does a reduction in practices of corruption occur? Can it be attributed to improved institutional arrangements and enforcement procedures? Does it turn as much, or more, on the role of key players and coalitions? Or is it both? And what can the international community do to support these processes? In collaboration with Transparency International (TI), DLP has commenced a program of work to try to answer these questions. This new paper by Caryn Peiffer, the first in a series of products from this joint project, explains how a long list of cases has been identified using statistical analysis of the data contained in TI's very rich data source: The Global Corruption Barometer.

Read more

New Paper: Ethics and integrity in the politics of developmental leadership

Wednesday 9th March 2011

It is often argued (by the World Bank and other development organizations) that integrity and ethical leadership are critical components of good governance. But what is 'ethical leadership'? What is 'developmental integrity'? How is it achieved? And what are the conditions for sustaining it? This new study by Eduard Grebe and Minka Woermann - intended to help policy-makers think clearly about ethics and integrity in relation to developmental issues - develops a conceptual framework for thinking about integrity and leadership in developmental contexts, not only in terms of individual behaviour, but also in terms of institutions.

Read more

New Paper: Yemen: Developmental Dysfunction and Division in a Crisis State

Monday 28th February 2011

Yemen is one of the countries in the Middle East currently experiencing profound turbulence. But what opaque internal politics has kept the regime entrenched for the last three decades? Why have its leaders and elites - like those of many other countries - been so ineffective in addressing serious threats to the viability of the state and to the wellbeing of its citizens? This original and path-breaking research paper by Sarah Phillips offers a detailed political analysis of the inner workings of the Yemen state.

Read more

New paper on 'The Anatomy of Political Predation in Zimbabwe'

Tuesday 1st February 2011

Why, after liberation in 1980, did the ruling political elite in Zimbabwe resort more to predation than development and bring about the terrible economic and political decline in that country? And why, even in the face of the current political and economic crises, have rival elites failed to forge a common developmental coalition? In this research paper, commissioned for the DLP, Michael Bratton and Eldred Masunungure offer a fine-grained political analysis of this story.

Read more

First International Conference in Responsible Leadership

Wednesday 19th May 2010

Eduard Grebe and Minka Woermann will be presented a paper entitled "Institutions of integrity and integrity of institutions: integrity and ethics in the politics of developmental leadership" at the First International Conference in Responsible Leadership.

Read more

About DLP

The Developmental Leadership Program (DLP) is an international research initiative that explores how leadership, power and political processes drive or block successful development.

DLP focuses on the crucial role of home-grown leaderships and coalitions in forging legitimate political settlements and institutions that promote developmental outcomes, such as sustainable growth, political stability and inclusive social development.

Find out more

News

New findings on education and developmental leadership in the Philippines

Thursday 15th September 2016

New research from DLP and the University of Glasgow explores the role of higher education in the emergence of leaders who promote development in the Philippines. See the policy brief, podcast and paper.

Read more

Political settlements in Africa

Thursday 7th July 2016

Political settlements in Africa, the politics of inclusion and the role of international actors were the focus of the most recent BISA Africa Working Group workshop, convened by DLP Research Fellow Suda Perera at the University of Birmingham.

Read more

Follow: @dlprog